[Cryptography] TLS 1.0, Diffie-Hellman, RSA, AES128 CBC, SHA seriously qualified as «broken»?

Ken Ballou ballou at crab.qozzy.com
Sat Aug 29 18:27:53 EDT 2020

On 8/29/2020 5:16 PM, Thierry Moreau wrote:
> Hi,
> A weird observation from my experimentation with open source security
> software.
> I installed an Apache server with a single TLS profile which I
> believed robust in spite of being a bit outdated. I prioritized
> Diffie-Hellman for «forward secrecy», considered RSA, AES128 CBC, and
> SHA valid choices despite a bulk encryption key size in the low range.
> I assumed that a recent openssl library would implement the most
> needed countermeasures for known veakenesses in TLS 1.0.
> I configured the thing HTTPS-only and requiring client certificate in
> all cases. Indeed I recorded that a friendly certificate «subject
> public key» was used in the connection (through apache SSL environment
> variables ...).
> In essence, it appears to work as intended.
> The Firefox version 76.0.1 reported «TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
> 128 bit keys, TLS 1.0» as the technical details for the security of
> the web page.
> In essence, it appears to work as intended ... but
> The firefox browser qualifies this as «broken encryption». «Your
> connection to this website uses weak encryption and is not private.
> Other people can view your information or modify the website's
> behavior. Information sent over the Internet without encryption can be
> seen by other people while it is in transit.»
> And the security icon on the left of the URL entry field is yellow.
> Then what?
> Am I too old to craft an apache/openssl secure configuration? Indeed I
> am reluctant to chase a configuration including Diffie-Hellman forward
> secrecy that would fate better in the Firefox security assessment.
> How can I claim that this is secure to third parties?
> - Thierry Moreau
> (In case you want to try with a different client browser, this listens
> on the public Internet but requires a client certificate. Since I
> trust only individually selected end-entity certificates as roots of
> trust, you need to send me your application «out-of-band» with a
> motivation letter ... OK, off-list e-mail might allow you a short
> cryptoperiod of trust -- I reserve the right to limit the not-after
> field in the certificate. Public key algorithms other than RSA or with
> short modulus will be rejected without contacting the applicant!)     

These days, the preference is for at least version 1.2 of TLS.  I have
used the following two configuration lines in my Apache2 configuration:


SSLProtocol -all +TLSv1.2 +TLSv1.3

For what it's worth, Qualys claims to be an "SSL Lab" that offers an
analysis tool at https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/analyze.html.  I have
no idea how reliable the tool actually is, but with the configuration
lines above, my site receives a grade of "A".  (The certificate is
provided by LetsEncrypt.)

                    - Ken

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