[Cryptography] open hardware as a defence against state-level attacks

Nico Williams nico at cryptonector.com
Mon Jan 12 12:59:14 EST 2015

On Sun, Jan 11, 2015 at 11:49:20PM -0500, grarpamp wrote:
> Snowden tells both these things above, yet few move far enough towards
> real countermeasures, thus allowing complacency, acceptance, and reversion
> to past states to set in.

Perhaps someday we'll see something like small, cheap, portable 3D
printers, but for ICs.  Such printers would make it easier to implement
countermeasures.  Of course a printer could be compromised and look for
patterns in which to insert backdoors, but that might well prove easy to


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